Can the Output of a Learned Classification Model Monitor a Person's Functional Recovery Status Post-Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Jill Emmerzaal, Arne De Brabandere, Rob van der Straaten, Johan Bellemans, Liesbet De Baets, Jesse Davis, Ilse Jonkers, Annick Timmermans, Benedicte Vanwanseele

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)


Osteoarthritis is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Classification models can discriminate an osteoarthritic gait pattern from that of control subjects. However, whether the output of learned models (probability of belonging to a class) is usable for monitoring a person's functional recovery status post-total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is largely unexplored. The research question is two-fold: (I) Can a learned classification model's output be used to monitor a person's recovery status post-TKA? (II) Is the output related to patient-reported functioning? We constructed a logistic regression model based on (1) pre-operative IMU-data of level walking, ascending, and descending stairs and (2) 6-week post-operative data of walking, ascending-, and descending stairs. Trained models were deployed on subjects at three, six, and 12 months post-TKA. Patient-reported functioning was assessed by the KOOS-ADL section. We found that the model trained on 6-weeks post-TKA walking data showed a decrease in the probability of belonging to the TKA class over time, with moderate to strong correlations between the model's output and patient-reported functioning. Thus, the LR-model's output can be used as a screening tool to follow-up a person's recovery status post-TKA. Person-specific relationships between the probabilities and patient-reported functioning show that the recovery process varies, favouring individual approaches in rehabilitation.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftSensors (Basel, Switzerland)
Nummer van het tijdschrift10
StatusPublished - mei 2022


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