Characterisation of breast tumors with a model-independent analysis of bolus-tracking MRI

Smitha Makkat, Steven Sourbron, F. De Ridder, V. De Wilde, Robert Luypaert, Tadeusz Stadnik, Johan De Mey

Onderzoeksoutput: Conference paper

Samenvatting

Introduction
Dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) using standard Gadolinium chelates reflects the properties of both intra- and
extravascular compartments of tumor tissue [1,2]. Previously we demonstrated the feasibility of quantifying perfusion parameters in human breast tumors using a deconvolution analysis of DCE-MRI [2]. For this study we implemented and validated two methodological refinements (AIF filtering and R1 quantification), applied the final protocol to a larger cohort of patients and investigated the value of the measured parameters in terms of tumor characterization.
Materials and Methods
In vivo perfusion measurements were performed on 30 women with histologically proven breast tumors on a 1.5 T scanner (Philips Intera). The routine MR mammography protocol was applied first. It included T1-weighted DCE-MRI (30 ml of a 0.5 M Gd-DTPA solution) with high coverage and low temporal resolution, and high-resolution axial 3D T1 GE with fat suppression. The slice where the tumor enhanced maximally was identified on these data. At that slice position, the passage of a 20ml bolus of Gd-DTPA (2 ml/sec) was measured with an inversion-prepared FLASH sequence (TR 4.9 msec, TE 2.4 msec, flip angle 50°, TI 196 ms, 128x67 matrix reconstructed at 256x204, FOV 230x183 mm2, slice thickness 6 mm, 600 images with a temporal resolution of 360 msec). For R1- quantification an additional measurement was performed immediately before second bolus injection with the same sequence, but with a flip angle of 5°. Image post-processing was performed on a personal computer using software written in-house in IDL. The AIF was selected manually in the aorta and the flow-induced signal fluctuations were removed by filtering of the arterial signal-time courses [2]. The signals were converted to change in relaxation rate (_R1) by a two-point method [3] and the _R1 time courses were then deconvolved pixel-by-pixel, using standard-form Tikhonov regularization and an optimized minimization scheme for the L-curve criterion [4]. Finally, the parametric maps of tumor blood flow (TBF), tumor extracellular volume (TEV) and mean transit time (MTT) were generated from the Impulse Response Function [2]. Quantitative values for each patient were derived as an average over a ROI covering the whole lesion.
Results
Histological analysis revealed 21 malignant and 9 benign tumors. In the malignant tumors, the parametric maps clearly delineated the tumor from the surrounding breast tissue. On the other hand, the benign tumor and some parts of breast parenchyma reveal identical perfusion status. Quantitative values for the perfusion parameters are given in table 1. The difference between both groups was significant (pConclusion
We conclude from these data that malignant and benign breast tumors may be characterized with the proposed measurement and post-processing protocol, in terms of their perfusion values. However, the number of patients is limited and the separation between the groups is not clear-cut. Hence additional parameters may be required to provide a clearer separation and improve the robustness of the procedure. Preliminary studies suggest that useful additional measures can be obtained by a modeling approach [1,6].
References
[1] Brix et al (2004) MRM 52 420-429
[2] Makkat et al (2005) ISMRM 13 743
[3] Tofts P (2003) Quantitative MRI of brain
[4] Sourbron et al (2004) MRM 52 209-213
[5] Vaupel et al (2000) Int J Oncol 17 869-79
[6] Sourbron et al (2005) ESMRMB 22 517
Originele taal-2English
TitelProceedings ISMRM 2006
UitgeverijISMRM
Pagina's1797-1797
Aantal pagina's1
StatusPublished - 6 mei 2006
EvenementUnknown - Stockholm, Sweden
Duur: 21 sep 200925 sep 2009

Conference

ConferenceUnknown
LandSweden
StadStockholm
Periode21/09/0925/09/09

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