Cleavage-stage or blastocyst-stage embryo biopsy has no impact on growth and health in children up to 2 years of age

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BACKGROUND: Studies show conflicting results on neonatal outcomes following embryo biopsy for PGT, primarily due to small sample sizes and/or heterogeneity in the timing of embryo biopsy (day 3; EBD3 or day 5/6; EBD5) and type of embryo transfer. Even fewer data exist on the impact on children's health beyond the neonatal period. This study aimed to explore outcomes in children born after EBD3 or EBD5 followed by fresh (FRESH) or frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET).

METHODS: This single-centre cohort study compared birth data of 630 children after EBD3, of 222 EBD5 and of 1532 after non-biopsied embryo transfers performed between 2014 and 2018. Follow-up data on growth were available for 426, 131 and 662 children, respectively.

RESULTS: Embryo biopsy, either at EBD3 or EBD5 in FET and FRESH cycles did not negatively affect anthropometry at birth, infancy or childhood compared to outcomes in non-biopsied FET and FRESH cycles. While there was no adverse effect of the timing of embryo biopsy (EBD3 versus EBD5), children born after EBD3 followed by FET had larger sizes at birth, but not thereafter, than children born after EBD3 followed by FRESH. Reassuringly, weight and height gain, proportions of major congenital malformations, developmental problems, hospital admissions and surgical interventions were similar between comparison groups.

CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that neither EBD3 nor EBD5 followed by FRESH or FET had a negative impact on anthropometry and on health outcomes up to 2 years of age.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer87
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftReproductive Biology and Endocrinology
Volume21
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - dec 2023

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© 2023. BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature.

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