Constructing nonlinear data-driven models from pitching wing experiments using multisine excitation signals

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Accurate modelling of unsteady nonlinear aerodynamic loads is crucial for the effective design and control of aerodynamic systems. Data-driven modelling approaches have emerged as powerful tools for capturing intricate system dynamics without prior knowledge of the underlying physical principles. This paper focuses on the construction of nonlinear data-driven models for pitching wing systems using multisine excitation signals and their relative merits compared to swept sine signals. The polynomial nonlinear state-space (PNLSS) modelling framework is used, which has been proven in the system identification community to offer flexibility and richness in representing diverse nonlinear phenomena. Data are gathered with a dedicated experimental wind tunnel setup. A NACA 0018 wing is made to oscillate in pitch according to a swept sine and a multisine with a frequency up to 2 Hz. The experiments are repeated to cover the attached flow, light stall, and deep stall regimes. PNLSS models are trained on multisines and benchmarked against models trained on swept sines to assess their comparative performance. Then, all models are successfully cross-validated using single sine data at different angles of attack. We conclude that one single data-driven model can accurately represent the lift force across different linear (attached flow) and nonlinear (light and deep stall) operating regimes.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's17
TijdschriftMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
StatusPublished - 2024

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© 2024 Elsevier Ltd


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