Determination of the competencies of a snowboard coach.

Evert Zinzen, Jeroen Sondervorst, Ariane Caplin, Tom Deliens

Onderzoeksoutput: Meeting abstract (Book)Research


INTRODUCTION: The European Qualification Framework (EQF) structure consists of competencies of all jobs, classified in numbered levels from 1 to 8 (European Commission, 2008). This study aims to determine the competencies of the Flemish (Belgium) snowboard coach in the EQF levels 5 and 6 in order to improve the existing snowboard coach education and to develop an evaluation tool for top level snowboard coaches. Working within EQF creates the possibility to be graded in from one country to another.

METHOD: The Delphi method was used to personally interview Flemish qualified snowboard experts to ensure that all coaching views/opinions were recorded to finally accomplish a consensus between all experts (Linstone and Turoff, 2002). In the first round the core tasks were determined with their associated "knowledge", "skills" and "attitudes" (essential components of competencies). In the second round, all listed items were located by the experts in a particular coaching (EQF) level. In the final round, the competencies were composed (using COMET, 2003) and confirmed in a consensus meeting.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In total 17 experts (3 EQF level 6 snowboard coaches, 10 EQF level 5 snowboard coaches and 3 athletes on the international level) were chosen and willing to participate. Finally eight competencies were formed, namely: 'communication', 'tracking changes', 'giving individual feedback', 'feedback in general', 'individualization', 'pedagogical/didactical approach', 'set up plans', 'working in team' and 'outdoor specific tasks'. These competencies differ according to the EQF level, or core tasks, and are further developed as the coach reaches a higher level. The snowboard coach level 5 has four main tasks including 'information gathering', 'talent detection', 'independently coach promising young athletes' and 'supporting young athletes'. The snowboard coach level 6 has four main tasks including 'independently (competitive) coaching', 'coaching during competition', 'talent detection' and 'gathering information'.
Finally a framework was formed combining the level of the snowboarders with the level of the coach. International comparison could only be made on course titles since the well-known ski and snowboard countries are not using the EQF yet. The comparison made clear one should distinguish snowboard 'coaches' and snowboard 'teachers'.

CONCLUSION: The research data make it possible to classify Flemish snowboard coaches in the EQF, to evaluate coaches according to their core tasks and to provide information to improve coaches' courses in Flanders/Belgium.

COMET, the competency modeling toolkit, Copyright, Open University Holland, Onderwijs-technologisch Expertisecentrum, (2003) (, consulted June 2010.

European Commission, The European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning, (2008),, consulted March 2010.

Linstone, H., Turoff, M., (2002), Introduction, The Delphi method: techniques and applications, pp 3 - 12, (, consulted June 2010

Acknowledgement: The Flemish government is acknowledged for their financial support.
Originele taal-2English
TitelBook of abstracts of the 5th International Congress on Science and Skiing
RedacteurenErich Muller, Stefan Lindinger, Thomas Stöggl, Christina Pfusterschmied
UitgeverijDept. of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Austria
Aantal pagina's1
ISBN van geprinte versie978-3-200-02097-9
StatusPublished - 14 dec 2010
EvenementUnknown - Stockholm, Sweden
Duur: 21 sep 200925 sep 2009



Bibliografische nota

Erich Muller, Stefan Lindinger, Thomas Stöggl, Christina Pfusterschmied


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