Diversity of the dominant bacterial species on sliced cooked pork products at expiration date in the Belgian retail

Wim Geeraerts, Vasileios Pothakos, Luc De Vuyst, Frederic Leroy

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

23 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Pork-based cooked products, such as cooked hams, are economically valuable foods that are vulnerable to bacterial spoilage, even when applying cooling and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Besides a common presence of
Brochothrix thermosphacta, their microbiota are usually dominated by lactic acid
bacteria (LAB). Yet, the exact LAB species diversity can differ considerably among products. In this study, 42 sliced cooked pork samples were acquired from three different Belgian supermarkets to map their bacterial heterogeneity. The community compositions of the dominant bacterial species were established
by analysing a total of 702 isolates from selective agar media by (GTG)5-PCR fingerprinting followed by gene sequencing. Most of the isolates belonged to the genera Carnobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Leuconostoc, with Leuconostoc carnosum and Leuconostoc gelidum subsp. gelidum being the most dominant
members. The diversity of the dominant bacterial species varied when comparing samples from different production facilities and, in some cases, even within the same product types. Although LAB consistently dominated the microbiota of sliced cooked pork products in the Belgian market, results indicated that bacterial diversity needs to be addressed on the level of product composition and batch variation. Dedicated studies will be needed to substantiate potential links between such variability and microbial composition. For instance, the fact that higher levels of lactobacilli were associated with the presence of potassium lactate (E326) may be suggestive of selective pressure but needs to be validated, as this finding referred to a single product only.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)236-243
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftFood Microbiology
Volume65
DOI's
StatusPublished - aug 2017

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