Samenvatting

Implicit motor sequence learning (IMSL) is a cognitive function that is known to be associated with impaired motor function in Parkinson's disease (PD). We previously reported positive effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the primary motor cortex (M1) on IMSL in 11 individuals with PD with mild cognitive impairments (MCI), with the largest effects occurring during reacquisition. In the present study, we included 35 individuals with PD, with (n = 15) and without MCI (n = 20), and 35 age- and sex-matched controls without PD, with (n = 13) and without MCI (n = 22). We used mixed-effects models to analyze anodal M1 tDCS effects on acquisition (during tDCS), short-term (five minutes post-tDCS) and long-term reacquisition (one-week post-tDCS) of general and sequence-specific learning skills, as measured by the serial reaction time task. At long-term reacquisition, anodal tDCS resulted in smaller general learning effects compared to sham, only in the PD group, p = .018, possibly due to floor effects. Anodal tDCS facilitated the acquisition of sequence-specific learning (M = 54.26 ms) compared to sham (M = 38.98 ms), p = .003, regardless of group (PD/controls). Further analyses revealed that this positive effect was the largest in the PD-MCI group (anodal: M = 69.07 ms; sham: M = 24.33 ms), p < .001. Although the observed effect did not exceed the stimulation period, this single-session tDCS study confirms the potential of tDCS to enhance IMSL, with the largest effects observed in patients with lower cognitive status. These findings add to the body of evidence that anodal tDCS can beneficially modulate the abnormal basal ganglia network activity that occurs in PD.
Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummere25311
Pagina's (van-tot)e25311
Aantal pagina's18
TijdschriftJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume102
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb 2024

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© 2024 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

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