Background: Immunotherapy with the CTLA-4 blocking mAb ipilimumab (IPI) has improved the long-term (>3 y) survival of a subpopulation (15-20%) of patients (pts) with metastatic melanoma. Little is known about the psychosocial outcome and the long-term effects of immune-related adverse events in these survivors. Methods: Pts with advanced melanoma (AJCC stages IIIC or IV) who were in complete remission for at least 2 y after treatment initiation, were eligible for this ongoing study. Data on health related quality of life (HRQOL), psychosocial outcome and neurocognitive function (NCF) were collected using 5 validated questionnaires, a semi-structured psychiatric examination (SSPE), and computer-based NCF testing. Results: Test results from 17 pts (5 F/12 M), median age 57 y (range 33-86) were analyzed. Median time since start of IPI was 5.5 y (range 2-7). Seven pts (41%) had elevated scores on the Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ). Nine pts (53%) had elevated scores on the Hospitalization Depression Scale (HADS) indicating moderate anxiety (4 pts), severe anxiety (2 pts), and moderate depression (3 pts). The SSPE revealed that all 10 pts who were professionally active at the time of diagnosis, had to change or stop work due to their illness. Nine pts (53%) reported persisting emotional distress: anxiety, existential problems, survivor guilt, post-traumatic stress symptoms or daily worrying about the disease. Three pts were referred for suicidal ideation in relation with their disease. Four pts (24%) developed hypophysitis and suffered from comorbid depression (1 pt), adjustment disorder (2 pt), or post-traumatic stress disorder related to the symptoms of hypopituitarism (1 pt). Five years after the incidence of hypophysitis, all pts had elevated scores on the Fatigue Severity Scale, the HADS; and 3 pts on the CFQ. All cases of skin toxicity (8 pts), hepatitis (2 pts), colitis (2 pts), sarcoidosis (2 pts), and Guillain-Barre syndrome (1 pt) resolved without long-term impact on HRQOL. Conclusions: A majority of melanoma survivors treated with IPI continues to suffer from emotional distress and cognitive problems impacting their HRQOL. Timely detection and providing adaptive care is imperative.
Originele taal-2English
TitelEmotional and cognitive disturbances in long-term melanoma survivors treated with ipilimumab
Hoofdstukvolume 37
Pagina'sJournal of clinical oncologysupplement 8
Aantal pagina's1
StatusPublished - 28 feb 2019
EvenementSITC 2019: symposium - Hyatt hotel, San Franscico, United States
Duur: 27 feb 20191 mrt 2019


ConferenceSITC 2019
Land/RegioUnited States
StadSan Franscico


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