Endogenous modification of the chemoattractant CXCL5 alters receptor usage and enhances its activity toward neutrophils and monocytes

Mieke Metzemaekers, Anneleen Mortier, Alessandro Vacchini, Daiane Boff, Karen Yu, Rik Janssens, Floriana M Farina, Samantha Milanesi, Nele Berghmans, Noëmie Pörtner, Jo Van Damme, Marcello Allegretti, Mauro M Teixeira, Massimo Locati, Elena M Borroni, Flavio A Amaral, Paul Proost

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

7 Citaten (Scopus)


The inflammatory human chemokine CXCL5 interacts with the G protein-coupled receptor CXCR2 to induce chemotaxis and activation of neutrophils. CXCL5 also has weak agonist activity toward CXCR1. The N-terminus of CXCL5 can be modified by proteolytic cleavage or deimination of Arg9 to citrulline (Cit), and these modifications can occur separately or together. Here, we chemically synthesized native CXCL5(1-78), truncated CXCL5 [CXCL5(9-78)], and the citrullinated (Cit9) versions and characterized their functions in vitro and in vivo. Compared with full-length CXCL5, N-terminal truncation resulted in enhanced potency to induce G protein signaling and β-arrestin recruitment through CXCR2, increased CXCL5-initiated internalization of CXCR2, and greater Ca2+ signaling downstream of not only CXCR2 but also CXCR1. Citrullination did not affect the capacity of CXCL5 to activate classical or alternative signaling pathways. Administering the various CXCL5 forms to mice revealed that in addition to neutrophils, CXCL5 exerted chemotactic activity toward monocytes and that this activity was increased by N-terminal truncation. These findings were confirmed by in vitro chemotaxis and Ca2+ signaling assays with primary human CD14+ monocytes and human THP-1 monocytes. In vitro and in vivo analyses suggested that CXCL5 targeted monocytes through CXCR1 and CXCR2. Thus, truncation of the N-terminus makes CXCL5 a more potent chemoattractant for both neutrophils and monocytes that acts through CXCR1 and CXCR2.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftScience Signaling
Nummer van het tijdschrift673
StatusPublished - 9 mrt 2021

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Copyright © 2021 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.


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