Evidence for Astrophysical Muon Neutrinos from the Northern Sky with IceCube

IceCube Collaboration, Lionel Brayeur, Martin Casier, Catherine De Clercq, Krijn De Vries, Gwenhaël Laure De Wasseige, Geraldina Tamara Golup, Jan Kunnen, Giuliano Maggi, Jonathan Miller, Erik Strahler, Nicolaas Van Eijndhoven

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292 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Results from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory have recently provided compelling evidence for the existence of a high energy astrophysical neutrino flux utilizing a dominantly Southern Hemisphere data set consisting primarily of νe and ντ charged-current and neutral-current (cascade) neutrino interactions. In the analysis presented here, a data sample of approximately 35 000 muon neutrinos from the Northern sky is extracted from data taken during 659.5 days of live time recorded between May 2010 and May 2012. While this sample is composed primarily of neutrinos produced by cosmic ray interactions in Earth’s atmosphere, the highest energy events are inconsistent with a hypothesis of solely terrestrial origin at 3.7σ significance. These neutrinos can, however, be explained by an astrophysical flux per neutrino flavor at a level of Φ(Eν)=9.9+3.9−3.4×10−19  GeV−1 cm−2 sr−1 s−1(Eν/100  TeV)−2, consistent with IceCube’s Southern-Hemisphere-dominated result. Additionally, a fit for an astrophysical flux with an arbitrary spectral index is performed. We find a spectral index of 2.2+0.2−0.2, which is also in good agreement with the Southern Hemisphere result.
Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer081102
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftPhysical Review Letters
Volume115
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
DOI's
StatusPublished - 20 aug 2015

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