Exploring non‑invasive estimation of respiratory compliance during pressure support using respiratory oscillometry: a feasibility study

Andy Keymolen, Marie-Claire van Malderen, Antoine Marchal, Ben van den Elshout, Gerd Vandersteen, John Lataire, Joop Jonckheer

Onderzoeksoutput: Meeting abstract (Book)

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Samenvatting

Introduction:
Respiratory dynamics are used daily to assess and follow disease evolution in intubated ventilated ICU patients. Dynamic respiratory compliance (CDYN) estimation is typically performed only during controlled ventilation.
During assisted ventilation, invasive methods are necessary to have adequate estimates. However, respiratory oscillometry (RO) superimposes a specific designed, low-amplitude waveform on top of the ventilation and measures the resulting flow, which is used to derive the compliance [1]. This study explores the feasibility of using RO for non-invasive respiratory compliance estimation during assisted ventilation. The results are an interim analysis of the first study patient of the McInvent trial.
Methods:
Intubated, stable patients are included for this explorative feasibility test. Low-frequency RO is applied three times in a row, using a novel setup [1], and compared with the results of the standard of care CDYN estimator [2], using a two-arm crossover design. The measurements are performed twice a day when the patient is on volume control ventilation (VC) and can be continued when ventilation is switched to pressure support (PS).
Results:
The two measurement sessions were performed on PS (n=6) and on VC (n=6). The mean compliance estimated by RO (CRO) during VC was 42.6 ml.hPa−1 (95% CI 38.7–46.4) and statistically equivalent to CDYN. During PS, the mean CRO and CDYN were 32.6 ml.hPa−1 (95% CI 28.6–36.6) and 810.7 ml.hPa−1 (95% CI -1751.2–3372.5), respectively (Fig. 1).
Conclusion:
Low-frequency RO was feasible and well-tolerated by the patient during PS. The CRO during PS was closer to the compliance measured during VC than the comparator, CDYN during PS, which produced unreliable results as expected. However, a difference in CRO between the two ventilation modes can be observed, disease evolution is a plausible reason. To validate and generalize the results, more patient data is required.
Originele taal-2English
Titel43rd International Symposium on Intensive Care & Emergency Medicine
Plaats van productieBrussel, Belgium
UitgeverijBioMed Central
Pagina's61-62
Aantal pagina's2
Volume28
Uitgave1
ISBN van elektronische versie1364-8535
DOI's
StatusPublished - 19 mrt 2024
Evenement43rd ISICEM - International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine - Brussel, Belgium
Duur: 18 mrt 202422 mrt 2024

Conference

Conference43rd ISICEM - International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine
Land/RegioBelgium
StadBrussel
Periode18/03/2422/03/24

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