Feasibility of EMDR toward Personality Functioning in Older Adults with PTSD

Ellen M J Gielkens, Sjacko Sobczak, Nienke Gerrits, Erlene Rosowsky, Lara Stas, Gina Rossi, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

Samenvatting

OBJECTIVES: Severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in older adults (≥60 years) has been found to be associated with maladaptive personality functioning and personality disorders (PD). Emerging evidence in adults supports that reprocessing adverse events with Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) could improve personality functioning and reduce full PDdiagnosis.

METHODS: A multicenterfeasibilitystudy in 24 older PTSD-patients receiving weekly EMDR-sessions for either 3, 6 or 9 months. A linear-mixed-model was used with personality functioning (SIPP-SF) as dependent variable and time, PTSD-severity (CAPS-5), and "othertreatment" as predictor variables. Secondary, pre- and posttreatment percentages were calculated for the PDspresence.

RESULTS: Symptom changes over time showed a significant influence of CAPS-5 on SIPP-SF (b = -1.40, 95% CI=[-2.48 to -0.33], p = .012), no significant effect of time for total SIPP-SF, and a significant improvement of SIPP-SF "identityintegration"-scale over time (b = 9.20, 95% CI=[0.97-17.42], p = .029). There was a marginal significant effect of "othertreatment" (b = 8.42, 95% CI=[-0.30-17.13], p = .058). There was 31% full PDs-decrease.

CONCLUSIONS: Observed improvements in personality functioning from pre to post EMDRtreatment were explained by PTSD-severity. Identityintegration improved significantly over time. Results suggest that participants with "othertreatment" showed more severe baseline-pathology and thus lower personality functioning.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: EMDR, in addition to being a feasible treatment option for older adults with PTSD, improves personality functioning and reduces the presence of PDs over time.'

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1-12
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftClinical Gerontologist
DOI's
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 24 apr 2024

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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