First-principles investigation of equilibrium iron isotope fractionation in Fe 1−xS x alloys at Earth's core formation conditions

C. Pinilla, Aldemar de Moya, Ségolène Rabin, Guillaume Morard, Mathieu Roskosz, Marc Blanchard

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7 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Iron is one of the most abundant non-volatile elements in the solar system. As a major component of planetary metallic alloys, its immiscibility with silicates plays a major role in planetary formation and differentiation. Information about these processes can be gained by studying the equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation between metal alloys and molten silicates at conditions of core formation. In particular, recent attention has been paid to 56Fe/54Fe equilibrium isotope fractionation at conditions relevant to Earth's core formation and the influence that light elements (O, H, C, Ni, Si and S) have had in this process. Most of these experimental studies relied on the measurement of Fe isotope fractionation from quenched phases of silicate melts and molten iron alloys. The experimental works are extremely challenging, and may suffer different drawbacks. To overcome this, we use ab-initio computational methods to perform a systematic study of the 56Fe/54Fe equilibrium isotope fractionation in molten and solid Fe1−xSx alloys at conditions of the core formation (60 GPa, 3000 K). We show for the first time, that equilibrium isotope fractionation factors from solid systems can be used as proxies for molten systems with differences between these two methods less than 0.01‰ at the relevant P-T conditions. Additionally, we discuss the effect of sulphur concentration on the equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation and show that although there are some structural changes due to atom substitutions, the wide range of studied concentrations produces β-factors that are constant within ∼0.02‰. Finally, we discuss the implications of our results for the interpretation of recent experiments and the understanding of core crystallisation processes.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer117059
TijdschriftEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume569
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1 sep 2021

Bibliografische nota

Funding Information:
This work was performed using Granado-HPC from the Universidad del Norte, SCARF from the STFC of the UK, and the HPC resources from CALMIP (Grant 2020 – P1037). The authors acknowledge funding from MINCIENCIAS (No. 2015-710-51568; Contract No. 023-2016) and ECOSNORD (C17U01, No. FP44842-143-2017) through research grants.

Funding Information:
This work was performed using Granado-HPC from the Universidad del Norte, SCARF from the STFC of the UK, and the HPC resources from CALMIP (Grant 2020 – P1037 ). The authors acknowledge funding from MINCIENCIAS (No. 2015-710-51568 ; Contract No. 023-2016 ) and ECOSNORD (C17U01, No. FP44842-143-2017 ) through research grants.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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