BACKGROUND: Only limited data exist on the role of psychotherapy in alopecia areata (AA). OBJECTIVE: We sought to document the influence of hypnotherapy on psychologic well-being and clinical outcome in AA. METHODS: Hypnosis was used in 28 patients with extensive AA who were refractory to previous conventional treatments. It was added as a complementary treatment or used as the only treatment. RESULTS: In all, 21 patients, 9 with alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis and 12 with extensive AA, were analyzed during a 5-year period. After treatment, all patients had a significantly lower score for anxiety and depression. Scalp hair growth of 75% to 100% was seen in 12 patients after 3 to 8 sessions of hypnotherapy. Total growth occurred in 9 of these 12 patients, including 4 patients with alopecia universalis and 2 with ophiasis. In 5 patients, a significant relapse occurred. LIMITATIONS: This is a preliminary study with a limited number of patients. A larger randomized study is necessary. CONCLUSION: Hypnotherapy may enhance the mental well-being of patients with AA and it may improve clinical outcome.
|Tijdschrift||J Am Acad Dermatol 2006|
|Status||Published - 2006|