Immigration Policy and European Union Politics

Natascha Zaun, Christof Roos

    Onderzoeksoutput: Chapterpeer review


    EU immigration policies have incrementally evolved from a purely intergovernmental to a
    deeply integrated EU policy area. In practice, EU immigration policies and EU secondary
    legislation still leave significant discretion to the Member States, as witnessed by key developments
    in the various subfields of immigration policies—including policies on border
    protection, return and irregular migration, as well as labor migration and family migration
    policies. The key academic debates on EU immigration policies have mainly focused
    on explaining the decision-making processes behind the adoption of EU policies as well as
    their impact on national policies. While scholars find that these EU policies have led to
    liberalizations in the areas of family migration or labor migration, the irregular migration
    and border policies of the EU have gradually produced more restrictive outcomes. Policy
    liberalizations are usually based on the impact of EU institutions, which tend to have
    more liberal positions than Member States. Lowest common denominator output at the
    EU level, such as on the Blue Card Directive, is usually due to a resistance of individual
    Member States. With deeper integration of the policy area over time and qualified majority
    voting, however, resistant minorities have been increasingly outvoted. The stronger
    politicization of some areas of immigration, such as family migration, has also led the European
    Commission to curb its legislative proposals, as it would be much harder to adopt
    a piece of legislation today (2019) that provides adequate protection standards.
    Originele taal-2English
    TitelThe Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics
    UitgeverijOxford University Press
    Aantal pagina's22
    ISBN van geprinte versie9780190264093, 0190264098
    StatusPublished - 28 dec 2019


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