Induced fit versus conformational selection: From rate constants to fluxes… and back to rate constants

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Induced fit- (IF) and conformational selection (CS) binding mechanisms have long been regarded to be mutually exclusive. Yet, they are now increasingly considered to produce the final ligand-target complex alongside within a thermodynamic cycle. This viewpoint benefited from the introduction of binding fluxes as a tool for analyzing the overall behavior of such cycle. This study aims to provide more vivid and applicable insights into this emerging field. In this respect, combining differential equation- based simulations and hitherto little explored alternative modes of calculation provide concordant information about the intricate workings of such cycle. In line with previous reports, we observe that the relative contribution of IF increases with the ligand concentration at equilibrium. Yet the baseline contribution may vary from one case to another and simulations as well as calculations show that this parameter is essentially regulated by the dissociation rate of both pathways. Closer attention should be paid to how the contributions of IF and CS compare at physiologically relevant drug/ligand concentrations. To this end, a simple equation discloses how changing a limited set of "microscopic" rate constants can extend the concentration range at which CS contributes most effectively. Finally, it could also be beneficial to extend the utilization of flux- based approaches to more physiologically relevant time scales and alternative binding models.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftPharmacology research & perspectives
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - okt 2021

Bibliografische nota

© 2021 The Authors. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives published by British Pharmacological Society and American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


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