Interpretation of A1C measurement in sub-Saharan Africa beyond the global A1C-Derived Average Glucose (ADAG) equation

Eric Balti, Chris Nadege Nganou-Gnindjio, Brice Enid Nouthe, Valery Effoe, Valentin Siaha, Mesmin Dehayem, Jean-Claude Mbanya

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review


INTRODUCTION: optimal metabolic control is crucial for prevention of diabetes associated complications. HbA1c is a correlate of chronic hyperglycemia and is associated with long-term diabetes complications. We investigate the relationship between A1C and estimated average blood glucose (eAG) from the multicenter A1C-Derived Average Glucose (ADAG) study, in a sub-Saharan African population.

METHODS: forty-seven patients with diabetes mellitus and ten normoglycemic individuals were consecutively recruited from a tertiary reference hospital in Cameroon. This observational study was conducted in the framework of the ADAG study. eAG was derived from single values obtained from self-monitored blood glucose (SMBG) and from continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). Spearman correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationship between eAG and A1C levels.

RESULTS: there was a strong linear relationship between eAG using SMBG with A1C level; eAG (mmol/l) =1.22 x A1C (%) - 0.25; R2 = 0.58; p<0.001. This suggests that a one percent increase in A1C corresponds to a 1.22 mmol/l increment of eAG. A similar relationship was found between A1C level and eAG from the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) measurements albeit with a smaller accretion; eAG (mmol/l) =0.95 x A1C (%) + 1.52; R2 = 0.52; p<0.001. The bias of the global ADAG equation was lower than 5% below A1C level of 7% and progressively increased with higher values of A1C.

CONCLUSION: consistent with previous reports, using a population specific equation, A1C can be better derived from eAG in individuals from sub-Saharan African origin.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftPan Africa Medical Journal.
StatusPublished - 5 jan 2023

Bibliografische nota

Copyright: Eric Balti et al.


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