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Extra ingredients are often used in traditional sourdough production recipes by artisan bakeries. These ingredients may be the source of microorganisms or stimulate the growth and/or the metabolic activities of the microorganisms added to or naturally present in the flour-water mixture. The present study examined the influence of the addition of lemon juice or apple juice as source of citrate or malate, respectively, on the growth and activity of the citrate- and malate-positive Companilactobacillus crustorum LMG 23699 strain (formerly known as Lactobacillus crustorum LMG 23699), used to initiate firm (dough yield of 200) wheat sourdough productions, and on the flavour of the baked goods produced. Three fermentation strategies were applied, namely one-step long fermentation sourdough production processes with the addition of juice at the start (Type 2) and backslopped fermentations with the addition of juice either only at the start of the sourdough productions or at the start of the sourdough productions and at the beginning of each subsequent refreshment step during the whole backslopping process (both Type 3). It turned out that the starter culture strain used prevailed during all sourdough productions performed. Yeasts were particularly present in Type 3 sourdough productions, although lemon juice retarded their growth. Due to high yeast activity, high concentrations of ethanol and glycerol were produced toward the end of the sourdough productions. Addition of lemon juice stimulated the production of lactic acid, acetic acid, and the buttery flavour compounds acetoin and diacetyl, because of citrate conversion, during the Type 2 and Type 3 sourdough productions. In Type 3 sourdough productions, these compounds were found in higher concentrations only when lemon juice was added at each backslopping step. Alternatively, the addition of apple juice led to high concentrations of lactic acid because of malolactic fermentation in both Type 2 and Type 3 sourdough productions. Moreover, the addition of apple juice increased the initial concentrations of the carbohydrates (fructose, glucose, and sucrose) and sugar alcohols (mannitol and sorbitol), which were exhausted upon backslopping or accumulated in the sourdough matrix, respectively. Baked goods produced using sourdoughs obtained from the Type 2 and Type 3 sourdough productions with the addition of juice at each backslopping step were significantly different in flavour from doughs supplemented with the respective juices and lactic acid and/or Type 3 sourdough productions with the addition of juice only at the start.
|Tijdschrift||International Journal of Food Microbiology|
|Status||Published - 2 feb 2021|
Bibliografische notaFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Research Council of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel ( SRP7 and IOF342 projects), the Hercules Foundation (projects UABR09004 and UAB13002 ), and the Flanders ' FOOD project Innocereal II.
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
VingerafdrukDuik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'Lemon juice and apple juice used as source of citrate and malate, respectively, enhance the formation of buttery aroma compounds and/or organic acids during Type 2 and Type 3 sourdough productions performed with Companilactobacillus crustorum LMG 23699'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.
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SRP7: Begrijpen van het concurrentievermogen en de functionele rol van micro-organismen in gefermenteerde voedselecosystemen
De Vuyst, L., Leroy, F., Weckx, S., De Vuyst, L. & Leroy, F.
1/11/12 → 31/10/24