Level of BPA contamination in resin composites determines BPA release

Siemon De Nys, Marko Turkalj, Radu Corneliu Duca, Adrian Covaci, Marc Elskens, Lode Godderis, Jeroen Vanoirbeek, Bart Van Meerbeek, Kirsten L Van Landuyt

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review


OBJECTIVES: Resin composites may release bisphenol A (BPA) due to impurities present in the monomers. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the leaching characteristics of BPA from resin composites. Therefore, experimental resin composites were prepared with known amounts of BPA. The objective of this study was (1) to determine which amount of BPA initially present in the material leaches out in the short term and, (2) how this release is influenced by the resin composition.

METHODS: BPA (0, 0.001, 0.01, or 0.1 wt%) was added to experimental resin composites containing 60 mol% BisGMA, BisEMA(3), or UDMA, respectively, as base monomer and 40 mol% TEGDMA as diluent monomer. Polymerized samples (n = 5) were immersed at 37 °C for 7 days in 1 mL of water, which was collected and refreshed daily. BPA release was quantified with UPLC-MS/MS after derivatization with pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride.

RESULTS: Between 0.47 to 0.67 mol% of the originally added BPA eluted from the resin composites after 7 days. Similar elution trends were observed irrespective of the base monomer. Two-way ANOVA showed a significant effect of the base monomer on BPA release, but the differences were small and not consistent.

SIGNIFICANCE: The released amount of BPA was directly proportional to the quantity of BPA present in the resin composite as an impurity. BPA release was mainly diffusion-based, while polymer composition seemed to play a minor role. Our results underscore the importance for manufacturers only to use monomers of the highest purity in dental resin composites to avoid unnecessary BPA exposure in patients.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftDental Materials
StatusPublished - 2024

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