BACKGROUND: The second-generation cryoballoon ablation (CB-A) has been proven to be safe and effective for pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. Little is known regarding the long-term outcome following CB-A ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of the study was to evaluate the freedom from atrial arrhythmias during a 5-year follow-up period among consecutive patients having undergone PV isolation with the CB-A for paroxysmal AF METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 208 consecutive patients having undergone index PV isolation using CB-A (138 males, 66%; mean age 59.0 ± 12.6 years) were included in our retrospective analysis. Follow-up was based on outpatient clinic visits including Holter electrocardiograms. Recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmias was defined as a symptomatic or documented episode of > 30 s. At a median follow-up of 62 months, freedom from atrial arrhythmias after a single procedure was achieved in 57.2% of patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that obesity, left atrial diameter, and duration of symptoms before AF ablation were independent predictors of ATas recurrences. Major complications occurred in 2.4% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study found a 5-year single-procedure success rate of 57.2% following CB-A ablation procedure. Obesity, higher LA dimensions, and longer duration of symptoms before ablation independently predicted the outcome.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)87-93
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology : An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
Vroegere onlinedatum2020
StatusPublished - jun 2021


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