Low-Dose Nivolumab with or without Ipilimumab as Adjuvant Therapy Following the Resection of Melanoma Metastases: A Sequential Dual Cohort Phase II Clinical Trial

Julia Katharina Schwarze, Soizic Garaud, Yanina Jansen, Gil Awada, Valerie Vandersleyen, Jens Tijtgat, Alexandre de Wind, Paulus Kristanto, Teofila Seremet, Karen Willard-Gallo, Bart Neyns

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Samenvatting

Background: Optimal dosing and duration of adjuvant treatment with PD-1 and CTLA-4 immune checkpoint inhibitors have not been established. Prior to their regulatory approval we investigated a low-dose regimen of nivolumab with or without ipilimumab in a sequential dual- cohort phase II clinical trial. Methods: Following the complete resection of melanoma metastases, patients were treated with a single fixed dose of ipilimumab (50 mg) plus 4 bi-weekly fixed doses of nivolumab (10 mg) (cohort-1), or nivolumab for 1 year (10 mg fixed dose, Q2w x9, followed by Q8w x4) (cohort-2). Twelve-months relapse-free survival (RFS) served as the primary endpoint. Results: After a median follow-up of 235 weeks for cohort-1 (34 patients), and 190 weeks for cohort- 2 (21 patients), the 12-months RFS-rate was, respectively, 55.9% (95% CI, 39–72), and 85.7% (95% CI, 70–100). Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 27 (79%), and 18 (86%) patients, with 3 (9%), and 1 (5%) grade 3 adverse events in cohort-1 and -2, respectively. Immunohistochemical quantification of intra- and peritumoral CD3+ T cells and CD20+ B cells, but not PD-1/PD-L1 staining, correlated significantly with RFS. Conclusions: One year of adjuvant low-dose nivolumab could be an effective and economically advantageous alternative for standard dosing, at the condition of further confirmation in a larger patient cohort. A shorter low-dose nivolumab plus ipilimumab regimen seems inferior and less tolerable.
Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer682
Aantal pagina's22
TijdschriftCancers (Basel)
Volume14
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb 2022

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