Modeling in the language sciences

Willem Zuidema, Bart De Boer

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Samenvatting

Computers can be used for many different purposes in linguistic research. They can be used for data storage and search. They can be used as devices for speech analysis or synthesis. They can be used to present linguistic stimuli to subjects and record their responses. In all these applications, computers are used as sophisticated tools, and they are programmed according to purely practical criteria: as lo ng as it gets the job done, the internal workings of the software are not the subject of the research. However, computing can also become the focus of linguistic inquiry . Computers can be used to operationalize linguistic theories by implementing them as c omputer programs. This is done because linguistic theories may be so complex that their predictions can no longer be derived using verbal reasoning or pen - and - paper analysis. Moreover, turning a linguistic theory into a computer program forces the research er to make her assumptions explicit. By running the program, and studying its behaviour under a variety of circumstances, the researcher can test the theory against empirical findings and often discover unexpected consequences. In this chapter, we discuss the use of computational models in the language sciences.
Originele taal-2English
TitelResearch Methods in Linguistics
RedacteurenR. J. Podesva, D. Sharma
Plaats van productieCambridge
UitgeverijCambridge University Press
Pagina's422-439
ISBN van geprinte versie978-1-107-69635-8
StatusPublished - 2013

Publicatie series

NaamResearch Methods in Linguistics

Bibliografische nota

Podesva, R. J. & Sharma, D.

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