Neurodevelopmental outcomes of very preterm and very-low-birthweight infants in a population-based clinical cohort with a definite perinatal treatment policy

Aurelie Pascal, Gunnar Naulaers, Els Ortibus, Ann Oostra, Kris De Coen, Sonnaert Michel, Eva Cloet, Alexandra Casaer, James D'haese, Sabrina Laroche, An Jonckheere, Katleen Plaskie, Christine Van Mol, Gwenda Delanghe, Els Bruneel, Marie-Rose Van Hoestenberghe, Bieke Samijn, Paul Govaert, Christine Van den Broeck

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

10 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

BACKGROUND: With constant changes in neonatal care practices, recent information is valuable for healthcare providers and for parental counselling. The aim of the study was to describe the neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of very preterm (VPT)/very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants at 2 years corrected age (CA).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study of all infants born with a GA <31 weeks and/or BW < 1500 g between 2014 and 2016 admitted to the Flemish (Belgium) neonatal intensive care units. Infants had routine clinical follow-up around 2 years CA. The diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP), visual and hearing impairments were recorded. Motor, cognitive and language outcomes were assessed using the Bayley-III. Neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) was classified as mild (<1 standard deviation [SD]) or moderate-severe (<2SD) based on the defined categories of motor, cognitive, hearing, and vision impairments.

RESULTS: Of the 1941 admissions, 92% survived to discharge and follow-up data were available for 1089 infants (61.1%). Overall, 19.3%, 18.9% and 41.8% of infants had a motor, cognitive and language delay, respectively. CP was diagnosed in 4.3% of the infants. Mild and moderate-to-severe NDI was observed in 25.2% and 10.9% of the infants, respectively. The number of infants with a normal outcome increased from nearly 40% in the category of GA<26 weeks to 70% for infants in the category of 30─31 weeks GA.

CONCLUSION: At 2 years CA, 64% were free from NDI and 90% were free from moderate-to-severe NDI. However, a lower GA and BW are associated with higher rates of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years CA.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)133-141
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftEuropean Journal of Paediatric Neurology
Volume28
Vroegere onlinedatum16 jul 2020
DOI's
StatusPublished - sep 2020

Bibliografische nota

Copyright © 2020 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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