Neuromuscular end-point predictive capability of published rocuronium pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic models: An observational trial

Hugo Carvalho, Michaël Verdonck, Douglas J Eleveld, David Ramirez, Jan D'Haese, Panagiotis Flamée, Lieselot Geerts, Jasper Wylleman, Wilfried Cools, Kurt Barbe, Michel M R F Struys, Panagiotis Flamée

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review


BACKGROUND: Objective neuromuscular monitoring remains the single most reliable method to ensure optimal perioperative neuromuscular management. Nevertheless, the prediction of clinical neuromuscular endpoints by means of Pharmacokinetic (PK) and Pharmacodynamic (PD) modelling has the potential to complement monitoring and improve perioperative neuromuscular management.s STUDY OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to assess the performance of published Rocuronium PK/PD models in predicting intraoperative Train-of-four (TOF) ratios when benchmarked against electromyographic TOF measurements.

DESIGN: Observational trial.

SETTING: Tertiary Belgian hospital, from August 2020 up to September 2021.

PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Seventy-four patients undergoing general anaesthesia for elective surgery requiring the administration of rocuronium and subject to continuous EMG neuromuscular monitoring were included. PK/PD-simulated TOF ratios were plotted and synchronised with their measured electromyographic counterparts and their differences analysed by means of Predictive Error derivatives (Varvel criteria).

MAIN RESULTS: Published rocuronium PK/PD models overestimated clinically registered TOF ratios. The models of Wierda, Szenohradszky, Cooper, Alvarez-Gomez and McCoy showed significant predictive consistency between themselves, displaying Median Absolute Performance Errors between 38% and 41%, and intra-individual differences (Wobble) between 14 and 15%. The Kleijn model outperformed the former with a lower Median Absolute Performance Error (16%, 95%CI [0.01; 57]) and Wobble (11%, 95%CI [0.01; 34]). All models displayed considerably wide 95% confidence intervals for all performance metrics, suggesting a significantly variable performance.

CONCLUSIONS: Simulated TOF ratios based on published PK/PD models do not accurately predict real intraoperative TOF ratio dynamics.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04518761 (, registered on 19 August 2020.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's1
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Vroegere onlinedatum2 aug 2023
StatusPublished - nov 2023


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