Samenvatting

Exercise will have a positive influence on cognition and it
increases the brain-derived neurotrophic factor, an essential
neurotrophin. Several dietary components have been identified
as having effects on cognitive abilities. In particular, polyphenols
have been reported to exert their neuroprotective actions
through the potential to protect neurons against injury induced
by neurotoxins, an ability to suppress neuroinflammation,
and the potential to promote memory, learning, and cognitive
function. Dietary factors can affect multiple brain processes by
regulating neurotransmitter pathways, synaptic transmission,
membrane fluidity, and signal-transduction pathways. Flavonols
are part of the flavonoid family that is found in various fruits,
cocoa, wine, tea and beans. Although the antioxidant effects of
flavonols are well established in vitro, there is general agreement
that flavonols have more complex actions in vivo. Several
cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have shown that a
higher intake of flavonoids from food may be associated with
a better cognitive evolution.
Whether this reflects a causal association remains to be
elucidated. Several studies have tried to manipulate the brain
in order to postpone central fatigue. Most studies have clearly
shown that in normal environmental circumstances these
interventions are not easy to perform. The use of neurotransmitter
precursors has been put forward as a possibility to postpone
fatigue during prolonged exercise. Although these studies
looked promising, there is no real evidence that the brain,
and performance can be manipulated easily. It is clear that
caffeine has a positive effect on brain functioning and exercise
performance. Carbohydrates as a fuel source seem to influence
not only the peripheral fatigue, but there is accumulating
evidence that rinsing the mouth with a carbohydrate solution
will improve endurance performance.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's87
StatusPublished - 11 feb 2020
Evenement5th International congress on soldiers' physical performance - Quebec, Canada
Duur: 11 feb 2020 → …

Conference

Conference5th International congress on soldiers' physical performance
LandCanada
StadQuebec
Periode11/02/20 → …

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