Positive and harmful effects of parental disciplinary tactics on dark trait development throughout childhood and adolescence.

Barbara De Clercq, Salome Vanwoerden, Raissa Franssens, Karla Van Leeuwen, Jasmine Vergauwe, Joeri Hofmans

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Children with a constellation of dark traits may be particularly challenging to parents because these traits are associated with an increased chance for parents to lose a supportive attitude in dealing with the child’s difficultness and to turn instead toward punishing strategies. The present study looks with more detail into the construct of parental punishment and examines differences and similarities in the effects of physical (harsh) versus nonphysical (corrective) discipline on the developmental course of childhood five-factor model–based dark traits across a 10-year time span. Data were drawn from an ongoing (masked for review) longitudinal study, including five assessment points across 10 years (Ntime 1 = 720, 54.4% girls, age range Time 1 = 8–14.78 years, M = 10.73, SD = 1.39). Latent growth modeling suggested significant differences between both kinds of parental discipline in terms of contrasting effects on subsequent growth in dark traits and also showed a number of age-and gender-specific effects of parental discipline on the developmental course of dark traits. These findings underscore the relevance of a more differentiated perspective on effects of parental punishment in understanding childhood maladaptive trait outcomes and may offer fruitful guidelines for the development of intervention programs targeting children that are difficult to manage. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)503-513
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftPersonality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment
Volume12
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1 jan 2021

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