Activated carbon sorbents were directly 3D-printed into highly adaptable monolithic/multi-channel systems by using potassium silicate as a low-temperature binder. By employing emerging 3D-printing technologies, monolithic structured sorbents were printed and fully characterized using N2, Ar, and CO2-sorption and Hg-intrusion porosimetry. The CO2-capture performance and the required temperature for active-site regeneration were evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis-looping experiments. A mechanically stable activated carbon sorbent was developed with an increased carbon capture performance, even when a room-temperature regeneration by N2 purging was applied. Although the CO2 uptake slightly dropped after several cycles due to incomplete recovery at room temperature, a capacity increase of 25% was observed in comparison with the original activated carbon powder. To improve the recovery of the active sorbent, an optimization of the desorption step was performed by increasing the regeneration temperature up to 150 °C. This resulted in a CO2 uptake of the composite material of 0.76 mmol/g, almost tripling the working capacity of the original activated carbon powder (0.28 mmol/g). An in situ X-ray diffraction study was carried out to confirm the proposed sorption mechanism, indicating the presence of potassium bicarbonates and confirming the combination of physisorption and chemisorption in our composites. Finally, the structured adsorbent was heated homogeneously by applying a current through the monolith. These results describe the development of a new type of 3D-printed regenerable CO2 sorbents by using potassium silicate as a low-temperature binder, providing high mechanical strength, good chemical and thermal stability, and improving the total CO2 capacity. Moreover, the developed monolith is showing a homogeneous resistivity, leading to uniform Joule heating of the CO2 adsorbent.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftACS Omega
StatusPublished - 18 jan 2023

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© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society


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