Process parameter study for enhancement of directed energy deposition powder efficiency based on single-track geometry evaluation

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3 Citaten (Scopus)

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Directed energy deposition (DED) is a widespread laser additive manufacturing process characterized by the simultaneous laser and powder delivery. During the layerwise bounding of the material, many complex interconnected physical phenomena take place in a very short time. Presently, one of the main challenges faced by DED is to enhance the powder deposition efficiency. It is defined as the ratio of powder that has been effectively solidified in the part over the total amount of powder that flowed through the nozzle while the laser was on during the deposition process. Increasing the powder efficiency would allow us to minimize the powder waste, minimize the overall costs of the DED process, and therefore reduce the printed part cost. The present work, therefore, proposes to study the influence of laser beam diameter, stand-off distance, and gas/powder settings on the DED powder efficiency. The considered gas/powder settings are carrier and shielding gas volumetric flow rate, powder mass flow rate, and particle diameter. The efficiency is computed by means of the geometry of 316L stainless steel single-track deposits. The track geometries are evaluated based on the deposition width, deposition height, and area of deposition, all extracted from the deposition profiles measured by means of laser triangulation. Optical micrographs of the single-track transversal cross sections are linked to the obtained powder efficiencies. The final aim is to get insight into the effect of process parameters on the powder efficiency and print quality and to identify the optimal process parameter combination in order to maximize the powder efficiency.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer042023
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftJournal of Laser Applications
Volume33
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1 nov 2021

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