Sensor Size Effect on Rayleigh Wave Velocity on Cementitious Surfaces

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Concrete properties and damage conditions are widely evaluated by ultrasonics. When access is limited, the evaluation takes place from a single surface. In this case, the sensor size plays a crucial role due to the “aperture effect”. While this effect is well documented regarding the amplitude or the frequency content of the surface (or Rayleigh) wave pulses, it has not been studied in terms of the wave velocity, although the velocity value is connected to concrete stiffness, porosity, damage degree, and is even empirically used to evaluate compressive strength. In this study, numerical simulations take place where sensors of different sizes are used to measure the surface wave velocity as well as its dependence on frequency (dispersion) and sensor size, showing the strong aperture effect and suggesting rules for reliable measurements on a concrete surface. The numerical trends are also validated by experimental measurements on a cementitious material by sensors of different sizes.
Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer6483
Pagina's (van-tot)1-13
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftSensors
Volume21
Nummer van het tijdschrift19
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1 okt 2021

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