Substrate Recognition and Activity Regulation of the Escherichia coli mRNA Endonuclease MazF

Valentina Zorzini, Andrej Mernik, Yann Georges Sterckx, Natalie De Jonge, Abel Garcia Pino, Henri De Greve, Wim Versees, Remy Loris

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

35 Citaten (Scopus)


Escherichia coli MazF (EcMazF) is the archetype of a large family of ribonucleases involved in bacterial stress response. The crystal structure of EcMazF in complex with a 7 nucleotide substrate mimic explains the relaxed substrate specificity of the E. coli enzyme relative to its Bacillus subtilis counterpart and provides a framework for rationalizing specificity in this enzyme family. In contrast to a conserved mode of substrate recognition and a conserved active site, regulation of enzymatic activity by the antitoxin EcMazE diverges from its B. subtilis homolog. Central in this regulation is a EcMazE-induced double conformational change: a rearangement of a crucial active site loop and a relative rotation of the two monomers in the EcMazF dimer. Both are induced by the C-terminal residues Asp78-Trp82 of EcMazE, which are also responsible for strong negative co-operativity in EcMazE-EcMazF binding. This situation shows unexpected parallels to the regulation of the F-plasmid CcdB activity by CcdA and further supports a common ancestor despite the different activities of the MazF and CcdB toxins. In addition we pinpoint the origin of the lack of activity of the E24A point mutant of EcMazF in its inability to support the substrate binding-competent conformation of EcMazF.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)10950-10956
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftJ. Biol. Chem.
StatusPublished - 2016


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