Chronic spinal pain, including both neck and low back pain, is a common disabling disorder in which sleep problems are frequently reported as a comorbidity. The complex processes of both sleep and chronic pain seem to have overlapping mechanisms, which may explain their often established bidirectional relationship. This systematic review aims to investigate the assumed association between sleep and chronic spinal pain by providing an overview of the literature from the last decade. Eligible studies were obtained by searching four databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycARTICLES). Articles were found relevant if they included a human adult population and investigated the possible association between sleep parameters and chronic spinal pain. Only studies published after January 2009 were included, as this review aimed to provide an update of a previous literature overview on this topic. The quality of the studies was assessed by risk of bias and level of evidence. A total of twenty-seven studies (6 cohort, 5 case-control, and 16 cross-sectional studies) were included in this systematic review. The methodological quality of these studies was low to moderate. The majority of studies reported weak to moderate evidence for an association between sleep parameters and chronic spinal pain, with more severe pain accompanied by more disturbed sleep. Addressing frequently reported sleep problems in chronic spinal pain patients therefore appears to be a necessary complement to pain management to achieve optimal treatment outcomes.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's31
TijdschriftJournal of clinical medicine
Nummer van het tijdschrift17
StatusPublished - 26 aug 2021


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