Kwetsbaarheid in een veerkrachtige samenleving. Een socio-institutionele analyse van de graancrisis van 1480-82 Casus: Gierle in het Land van Turnhout.

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Samenvatting

Food crises in the premodern period are often explained by focusing on weather-or climate-related harvest failures (Food Availability Decline) or market disturbances provoking a declining access to food for some groups in society (Food Entitlement Decline). However, the FAD versus FED -debate does not fully acknowledge the underlying mechanisms which expose people to hunger. With this contribution, we aim to move the focus in historical famine research back to the vulnerabilities in the means of subsistence enjoyed by particular groups in society and the way these vulnerabilities are continuously produced through inequalities in the access to land, labour and capital, and through the organisation and allocation of taxes and feudal rent. Inequalities in wealth and income resulted in social differences in the access to food, which were far more important than fluctuations over time produced by climate shocks or market disturbance. As a result, even in an overall resilient society like the fifteenth century Campine Area in the Duchy of Brabant, a large proportion of the population was structurally vulnerable to hunger.

Vertaalde titel van de bijdrageVulnerability in a resilient society. A socio-institutional analysis of the grain crisis of 1480-82. Case: Gierle in the ducal domain of Turnhout
Originele taal-2Dutch
Pagina's (van-tot)69-103
Aantal pagina's35
TijdschriftTijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis
Volume14
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Rural
  • Crisis
  • Vulnerability
  • Middle Ages
  • Famine
  • Resilience
  • Campine area

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