Scriptie/Masterproef: Master-after-master


Introduction: Adequacy of bowel preparation (ABP) directly affects colonoscopy performance and adenoma detection rate. Studies attributed a role to the dosing regimen of the bowel cleansing agent, social and economic factors and comorbidities. However, data on the impact of kidney failure and renal replacement therapy (RRT) are lacking.
Aims & Methods: This study investigated how ABP compares between patients on RRT and age-matched subjects with normal kidney function.
All patients on RRT undergoing an elective colonoscopy between January 2016 and December 2021 were identified from the medical records of a university hospital, and matched to 2 closest age controls undergoing colonoscopy at the same date ± 7 days. Study subjects and controls were compared for demographics, comorbidities including history of abdominal surgery, use of bowel transit-influencing drugs, residential care stay and colonoscopy-related data (bowel preparation regimen, sedation type, colonoscopy findings, ABP defined as a cumulative Bristol Bowel Preparation Score >= 6 and a score of >= 2 for each colon segment). Statistical significant contributors to ABP were assessed by logistic regression.
Results: Ninety-one patients on RRT (76 on haemodialysis and 15 on peritoneal dialysis) and 182 controls were identified. Patients on RRT were older (69±12 vs. 64±14y, p=.008) and less frequently women (34% vs. 50%, p=.013). They had more diabetes (40% vs. 24%, p=.008), more history of abdominal surgery (32% vs. 21%, p=.047) and took more bowel transit-influencing drugs (50% vs. 28%, p<.0001). Bowel preparation regimens were equally distributed between both groups. There was no difference in the rate of ABP between groups (87% vs. 81%, p=NS). Logistic regression analysis did not reveal an association between RRT and ABP. ABP was negatively influenced by residency in residential care, overnight stay in the hospital before colonoscopy, history of central nervous system disease, and positively by split-dose regimen (Nagelkerke R square 0.329, p=<.001).
Conclusion: Despite less favourable associated conditions, ABP in RRT patients remains comparable to controls. Split-dose regimen, neurological conditions and in-hospital stay are significant predictors of adequate bowel preparation.
Datum prijs2024
Originele taalEnglish

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